Preventative Health: Tests by Sex and Age Group
Preventative health care is the way to stay healthier for longer. The first step in combating any disease is testing for it. Here, we have gathered a list of when you should get tested for particular diseases, and how often as you age. Hopefully, you will find this information easy to use as you seek to live life to its fullest (and healthiest).
Women have more preventative needs than males. Starting in the early 20s, pap tests should be performed once every 3 years. When you reach 30, this should occur once every 5 years. Skin cancer should be tested for around 20, then every 3 years. After 40, this test should be done every year. A cholesterol test should be done for the first time, and done as often as your doctor would like until 35, at which time you should get tested each year. From 20-40, have a breast exam every 3 years. At 40, perform this test every year. Mammograms should begin in your 40s, and be done every 1-2 years. At 30, you should schedule HPV tests every 5 years. Get tested for skin cancer at 40. At 50, colon cancer, osteoporosis, and colorectal cancer should be tested for. Test for lung cancer at 55. Osteoporosis should be screened for each year in those over 65.
Men should start watching for diabetes from a young age. Monitor cholesterol starting at 20, and then have this test done once a year at 35. Skin cancer should be tested for in the 20s once every 3 years, until around 40, 2hen it should be done each year. Prostate cancer should be checked for at 40. At 45, begin to have diabetes risk checked every 3 years. At 50, prostate cancer, colon cancer, and colorectal cancer should be tested for. Test for lung cancer at 55, and abdominal aortic aneurism, once, after 65.
Ask Your Doctor
If you are unsure about the frequency of some of these tests, ask your doctor. They can let you know how often, and when, such tests should be administered. If you are at risk for a particular disease, they may suggest that you are tested earlier and more frequently for those health risks. Risk factors include health, family history, sexual history, substance abuse, obesity, and other factors. The above are all only recommendations for most patients.