When a woman carries the biological child of another individual or couple, then she is being a surrogate mother. In this process, the surrogate will receive an artificial insemination to create a pregnancy. The child is then carried to term and then given to the intended parents. In return for doing so, the surrogates health care costs are taken care of completely and a salary is often given as well.
Between 2004 and 2008, it is believed that up to 5,000 children were born through a surrogacy agreement. It is believed that 35,000 children in total have been born with a surrogate mother.
In the United States, it is estimated that there is an average of 9 children born every year in each state through a surrogacy agreement. Unfortunately there isn’t much data that goes back before 2008 because most surrogacy pregnancies or agreements were not tracked or they are not currently available to the public.
- For surrogate mothers who are under the age of 35, the success rate of a pregnancy may be as high as 60%.
- As mothers increase in age, however, the success rates of a surrogacy decrease accordingly.
- Blastocyst transfers are the most successful implantation method, having success rates rising by 10% since data has been tracked.
- The number of IVF births per year has more than doubled in total in the last decade.
- The number of babies born to gestational surrogates grew 89% percent in just four years.
- Any assisted reproduction pregnancy has a higher rate of multiple births and run the risks of the development of an infection.
- 859 surrogacy and gestational carrier cycles were performed in the United States in 2010.
- Some programs are reporting delivery rates of over 50% per transfer for gestational surrogacy cases.
There just isn’t much data to go on when it comes to the modern surrogate. What we do know is that there are some really great success stories that are out there thanks to surrogacy. With success rates as high as 60% and with implantation methods getting better every day, it is understandable to see IVF births doubling over the last few years. The most important aspect of surrogacy, however, must be the woman who will serve as the surrogate. Younger women who can manage health risks more easily will be the most successful.
What Does a Surrogacy Agreement Look Like?
- There is indirect evidence that military wives are the most likely demographic to agree to a surrogacy.
- The average surrogate is paid between $12k-$25k per pregnancy in salary.
- When health care costs are included with a surrogacy arrangement, the costs to a parent may be as much as $120k.
- Although the salary seems like it is high, the reality is that a surrogate mother who carries a child to full term at $12k is making just $0.50 per hour.
Surrogacy is exploding in regions like India where money can stretch a lot further. These women are desperate for money for a variety of reasons, so they are willing to rent their bodies in order for a child to be produced. It seems like it is a good idea at the time and it very well might be, but it is important to make sure that these mothers are getting all of the care and compassion that they deserve. Far too often, unfortunately, it seems like women who are in a very desperate state are the ones that are approached for a surrogacy arrangement. That might be why it seems like more military wives in the US are becoming surrogate mothers.
Who Can Become a Surrogate Mother?
- For most official programs that pair surrogates with couples, a woman must be between the ages of 18-35 and have had at least one child.
- The average surrogate in the US is 28, married, employed, and living in the Middle Class.
- About 98% of the women who apply to become surrogates in the United States are rejected by screening organizations.
- Surrogate mothers still have rights to the child until it is surrendered, even with a surrogacy agreement in place, but this has only happened in less than 1% of all cases.
- It takes about 3 cycles of IVF for the average surrogate mother to conceive.
- Open surrogacy is often more successful than other forms of this arrangement because it allows all parties to stay involved with the child’s life.
- 90% of surrogate mothers can conceive by the third try.
- Most couples can bring a surrogate child home about 18 months after the decision is made to have a child.
The one issue with surrogacy is that many couples want just one child, but they end up taking home multiples because of the science behind IVF. It isn’t just twins that can be produced from this type of treatment either. Triplets and quadruplets can commonly occur as an outcome of a successful pregnancy. With costs of $120k just to get the child conceived and then born, plus the added cost of caring for the child or children that are produced, surrogacy is not a decision to be taken lightly. It can be extremely rewarding, but only if everyone is prepared for the possibilities of what could happen.
What Is The Best Method Of Surrogacy?
- Overall success rates for Fresh Embryo Transfers are around 60%.
- The percentage of success that is expected with a Frozen Embryo Transfer: 45%.
- When an embryo has undergone a PGD analysis, the success rate of implantation reaches 80%.
- The success rates of self-donation procedures, however, can be as low as 15%.
If you’re thinking about having a child and need to proceed through surrogacy, then it is important to consult with a reproductive professional before finalizing any decision. This way there will be a greater chance of success, lower risks, and eventually a happy family living together 18 months later.